After Constantine’s Triumph, Rome brought a persecuted minority of Christianity into the centre of the empire and transformed it with new Roman places of worship, art, and priestly hierarchy. Christianity rapidly transitioned from a religion of the oppressed to a religion of the oppressors, from meeting in private homes to ornate basilicas, from underground graffiti in catacombs to gold leaf emboldened graves, from a common communion with God to being mediated through a priestly hierarchy.

“While many in the church hierarchy attempted to develop the essence of sectarian Christianity born out of persecution and martyrdom, the emperors aimed to incorporate many aspects of traditional civic religion and in particular the old pagan imperial cult into Christian modes of worship.” (Jan Elsner, The Triumph of Christianity pg. 224)

Within a hundred years, the changes Constantine instituted had transformed Roman imperialism into Christendom.


Constantine I don’t believe. You’re not as Great as some people think Constantine I don’t believe. Christ had to die to make you king. After Julius killed off the Republic the people needed something to believe in. Something that would bring them together. Nothing would bind them like Christendom would. For three hundred years Christians were persecuted because they refused to bow down. Constantine fashioned a new civic religion: Christ is God but I make the law. Who died and made you king? Constantine I don’t believe. History isn’t what it seems.


from The Rise and Fall of Christendom, released October 23, 2014




the Gospel of Barn Owl Hamilton, Ontario

Since releasing three albums as the Toronto band Barn Owl, songwriter Jared Both has regrouped in Hamilton as a electro garage rock project. Now the Gospel of Barn Owl, the band continues its critique of Constantinianism with experiments combining electronics and dub effects with fuzz guitars and analog synthesizers. ... more

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